Computer Networking |Basics Of The Computer Networking System

Computer Networking |Basics Of The Computer Networking System

Computer networking is a process of connecting two or more computers with the purpose to share data, providing technical support, and communicating. The network system is mostly used for business purposes.

Computer networks and the internet

In the modern age, the Internet is the technology that is used to connect computer systems (located in different geographic locations). Networking technology has revolutionized the world.

The internet is a source that connects billions of digital devices worldwide and standard protocols allow communication between these devices. Internet protocol (IP) addresses are the unique identifying numbers required of every device. IP addresses are comparable to your mailing address and provide unique location information so that information can be delivered correctly.

Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Network Service Providers (NSPs) provide the infrastructure that allows the transmission of information over the internet. Every bit of information sent over doesn’t go to every device connected to the internet. It’s the combination of protocols and infrastructure that transfer information to the exact device.

Advantages of Networking

Let us now discuss the advantages of networking, which are as bellows.

Facility of Technical Support

Because of having computer networking, a person sitting in any part of the world provides technical support to another person sitting in a remote part of any country.

Sharing of the Data

It is very simple to share all formats of digital data from one computer system to another by the networking system (irrespective of their geographic location).

Sharing of the Hardware Resource

It has now become very simple to share the expensive resources including storage space, processor, fax, etc by the networking system.

Sharing the Software

It is easy to share and install the software from one computer system to another computer system by the networking system.

Decentralize Data

It is very simple to decentralize the data processing system by networking technology.

It ultimately helps to control, secure, store, and manage the data.


The communication system has now become highly efficient, frugal, and fast by networking technology. The different modes of communication are text chatting, video, emails, etc become more easy and fast.

Types of Networking System

In this section, we will discuss the different types of networks. The types are described below −

Local Area Network System

Metropolitan Area Network System

Wide Area Network System

Local Area Network System

LAN is the technique of interconnecting a few computers devices located in a given premise. LAN system is used for a single business office or a residential apartment.

The purpose of the LAN system is to establish a communication system to make the work easier.

However, in the LAN system, some other devices can also be attached such as laser printers, fax machines, etc.

Metropolitan Area Network System

Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is a technique that normally covers a large metropolitan area. It provides Internet services throughout the area covered within the network.

Wide Area Network System

Wide Area Network (WAN) is a technique that covers a large geographical area worldwide.

The WAN services are provided by government agencies as well as private agencies. The WAN provides the facility to access databases located remotely.

The WAN techniques are highly beneficial for MNCs and other big corporate companies.


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